Anatomy

The Nuchal Ligament Lamellae

Our knowledge of equine anatomy may be based on outdated findings and needs to be revised. According to the anatomy books that, to date, have served as study reference to veterinarians and practitioners around the world, the nuchal ligament lamellae attaches from C2 to C6 or C2 to C7. However,Read More →

equine limbic system

Improving your understanding of the inbuilt instinct for survival in the horse – how it is triggered and what it looks like – will improve your training methods, reduce the instances of injury to both, you and other people around the fearful horse and the horse himself. A question ofRead More →

Kisisng Spines in a Horse

Adams’ ‘Lameness in Horses’ (1987)1 describes kissing spines as a condition of the vertebral column in horses caused by overlapping and/or impingement of the dorsal spinous processes (DSP) in the thoracic and/or lumbar vertebrae.  Kissing spines lead to pain in the back with the associated avoidance behaviour, such as reluctanceRead More →